Hazrat Ghaus-Ul-Alam Mehboob-e-Yazdani Makhdoom Sultan Saiyed Ashraf Jahangir Simnani (r.a.) of Kichoucha Sharif, UP, India.
Semnan is a city in and capital of Semnan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 124,999, in 36,298 families. Semnan is located in the central northern portion of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The city of Semnan is a beautiful and unique municipality filled with recreational activities, historical and religious sites, festivals, gardens and parks, colleges and universities, and Semnani culture. The city serves as the cultural and political capital of the Semnan Province.
The city of Semnan is situated at 1,138 meters above sea level just south of the foothills of the Alborz Mountains, bordering the Kavir Desert to the south of the city. However, the Golrudbar river, which begins to the north of Shahmirzad, and other creeks have historically provided a reliable supply of water for a civil establishment; irrigation methods since ancient times have allowed the people of Semnan to drink clean water, to raise livestock such as cattle and sheep, and to adopt agricultural practices. Unlike modern day Tehran, the city of Semnan is relatively flat.
Semnan has a four-season climate, similar to that of Tehran, but with more extremes. Summers tend to be very hot and dry with average daytime temperatures hovering around 37 °C. Summertime thunderstorms are common; though often do not bring much rainfall. Meanwhile, the winters are cold and gusty, and occasionally wet. Semnan does witness snowfall, and the median amount of precipitation hovers around 232 millimeters. The average number of icey and below freezing days per year in Semnan is roughly 48 days according to Iranian Meteorology reports. The autumn and spring seasons are merely transitional seasons.
After the Muslim conquest of Persia, the religion of Islam was established within the city of Semnan. Though, unlike modern day Semnan, the people of the city originally practiced Sunni Islam, similar to the rest of early Islamic Persia. However, the institution of Sunni Islam did not last very long. The Alavids of Tabaristan had established a Shi'a Islamic emirate and upon conquering Semnan, brought the Zaidi Shi'a sect of Islam.
A brief glance at Makhdoom Pak(r)'s 100 years life span :-
Birth: 708 Hijri in the city of Simnan, which is 210km from Tehran (capital of Iran) on Mushhad Highway. Simnan was the capital of Persia at the time.
Parents: Father was Sultan Saiyed Ibrahim Shah Simnani who was the king of Persia (Iran). Mother was Saiyedna Khadijah who was Hazrat Khawaja Ahmed’s daughter.
Education: Every kind of religious knowledge was gained by the age of 14 in 722 Hijri.
Becoming King: King of Simnan in 723 Hijri, continuing the Noor-Bakhshia Dynasty.
Leaving the Throne: In 733 Hijri after ruling for 10 years Makhdoom Pak (r.a.) left his throne and kingdom to his younger brother and took the Sufi path.
Spiritual Allegiance (baya) and Vicegerent (Khilafa): After 2 years in 735 Hijri he arrived in Pandwa Sharif, Bengal and took allegiance and vicegerency from Pir O’Murshid Hazrat Shah Ala-Ul-Haq Pandwi (r).
Stay in Pandwa Sharif: 735-741 Hijri at the service of his Pir O’Murshid.
Arriving in Jonpur: In 742 Hijri during the reign of King Tughlaq.
Travels: Around the Arab world, visiting Makkah Mukkarama and Medina Munawara. He went to Egypt, Jordan, Iraq, and Palestine, Iran. Then to Europe and Rome, continuing to other parts of the world during 15 years of travel from 743-758 Hijri.
Return to Pandwa Sharif: Stayed during the period of 759-763 Hijri.
Jan-e-Nasheen (Authority of Spiritual Throne): 764 Hijri after visiting Makkah and Medina Sharif he went to see his cousin sister in Jilan and took his nephew Hazrat Saiyed Abdul Razzaq with him. He made him his spiritual son (Noor-ul-Ayn) and Jan-e-Nasheen. He said” Every mother gives birth to her child but Allah gave me the power to give birth spiritually through spiritual eyes (meaning birth of the quality of life and spirit)”.
Title of Ghaus-Ul-Alam: 768-770 Hijri he attained the station of Ghaus and became known as Ghaus-Ul-Alam.
Title of Mehboob-e-Yazdani: 773 Hijri in Ruhabad Dargah, Kichoucha Sharif.
Building the Shrine: In 793 Hijri including Mosque and Madrassa.
Last Visit to Pandwa Sharif: 801-803 Hijri for 3 years.
Arrival in Jonpur: In the reign of Sultan Ibrahim Sharki.
Finally To Kichoucha Sharif: In 805 Hijri. Passed away in 808 Hijri.
MAY ALLAH BLESS HIS SOUL.
Shajara-E-Nasab Hazrat Makhdoom Sultan Saiyed Ashraf Jahangir Simnani (r.d.)
Alhamdu Lillaah Rabbil Aalmin vasslaty Vasslamu AlaaRasulehi Mohammed Ashrful Ambiyahe W-alla Allahi vasahabehi Ajmaeen.